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Electrospun Cellulose Acetate Nanofiber Morphology and Property Derived from CaCl2-Formic Acid Solvent System

Author(s):

Zhi Liu*, Ningli Xu, Huizhen Ke and Lei Zhou   Pages 1 - 6 ( 6 )

Abstract:


Background: Electrospun cellulose acetate (CA) nanofibrous membrane can be used in many areas such as biomedicine, water treatment. However, due to the strong hydrogen-bond interaction, rare solvent can dissolve the CA and the resulting CA nanofibrous membranes always show bad morphology and poor performance.

Aim: Research the effect of CaCl2-Formic acid (CaCl2-FA) solvent system on the morphology and structure of CA nanofibrous membrane.

Method: CA nanofibrous membrane was fabricated with a two-step dissolution method using the first step of CaCl2-FA solvent system followed by the second step of FA solvent solely. Subsequently, the CA nanofibrous membrane morphology and structure property were systematically investigated.

Result: The results show that the CaCl2-FA can dissolve the CA efficiently. Additionally, the regenerated CA nanofibers are well formed under all the CA concentrations with controlling fiber diameter ranging from 224.9 ± 38.6 nm to 367.8 ± 80.4 nm. The results suggest that this two-step dissolution method can be an effective and alternative approach to dissolve CA and regenerate CA nanofibrous membrane.

Keywords:

cellulose acetate, CaCl2-Formic acid, nanofiber, water treatment

Affiliation:

School of Textile and Garment, Anhui Polytechnic University, No 8, Beijing Mid-Road, Wuhu, 241000, School of Textile and Garment, Anhui Polytechnic University, No 8, Beijing Mid-Road, Wuhu, 241000, Fujian Key Laboratory of Novel Functional Textile Fibers and Materials, Minjiang University, Fuzhou, Fujian, 350108, School of Textile and Garment, Anhui Polytechnic University, No 8, Beijing Mid-Road, Wuhu, 241000



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