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Effect of Particle Size Distribution and Selective Alcohol Additives for Preparation of High Concentration Coal-Water Slurry

[ Vol. 12 , Issue. 2 ]


Debadutta Das*, Anupama Routray, Swetashree Pattanaik, Pankaj K. Parhi, Bijnyan R. Das and Subrata N. Das   Pages 102 - 111 ( 10 )


Background: The alternative of oil is highly essential in the present context due to the acute shortage of oil as well as increasing demand for it from different public and private sectors. Since 1980, attention has been focused on coal-water slurry as an alternative fuel for the power generation industry and a suitable substitute for oil in several industrial applications. One of the exciting areas in Coal Water Slurry (CWS) is coal–water-alcohol slurry in which different alcohol compound can act as a dispersant for the stabilisation of coal–water slurry.

Objective: The objective of this paper is to prepare a high concentration coal–water-alcohol slurry using glycerol, glycol and ethanol as an additive, and different particle size distribution of coal. This will increase the surface activity of the coal thereby, decreasing the viscosity of the slurry.

Method: Two bimodal samples are prepared in which coarse particles are (212 μm - 300 μm), (150 μm – 212 μm) and fine particle below 75 μm. Three types of alcohol additive namely glycerol, glycol and ethanol are used as a dispersant. Malvern Particle size analyzer is used to measure the particle size distribution of the coal samples. Rheological study of CWAS was conducted using HAAKE RHEO STRESS 1.

Result: From the experiment, it has been concluded that the optimum addition of glycerol in water is taken as 90:10 of water and glycerol ratio because after that, there is no further decrease in the value of viscosity. An optimum value of glycol and ethanol mixed in water was determined and found as in the ratio of 86:14 and 82:18, respectively.

Conclusion: From different parameter studies like coal concentration, pH, temperature, apparent viscosity and stability, it has been concluded that coal-water-glycerol slurry is better than other coal water- alcohol slurry. This is because of the presence of more OH- groups in glycerol. The static stability of this coal-water-alcohol slurry exists for the maximum period of 31 days.


Coal Wateralcohol Slurry (CWAS), bingham plastic model, Particle Size Distribution (PSD), rheology, additives, viscosity.


Department of Chemistry, Sukanti Degree College Subarnapur, Odisha-767017, Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan (SOA) Deemed to be University, Bhubaneswar-751030, Odisha, Department of Chemistry, Trident Academy of Technology, Bhubaneswar 751024, School of Chemical Technology and School of Biotechnology, KIIT Deemed to be University, Bhubaneswar 751024, Department of Chemistry, College of Engineering & Technology, Biju Patnaik University of Technology, Bhubaneswar-751029, Department of Mining Engineering, Government College of Engineering, Keonjhar, Odisha

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